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Data sources

Overview of data providers and projects

RECETOX       RECETOX-UBA    
MONET-CZ   MonAirNet
MONET-CEEC   RECETOX-VUVB    
MONET-EU   Needle-net
MONET-Africa   Environment Canada    
MONET-Fiji   GAPS
Kosetice   GAPS-GRULAC
Kosetice – one-week active sampling   FURG    
Kosetice – atmospheric aerosols   LAPAN
South Moravian region   CISTA    
Central Bohemia region   POPs monitoring in CZ
Usti nad Labem region   Basal soil monitoring in CZ
Zlin region   UNEP    
Liberec region   AIR-GEF  
Beroun   WHO–UNEP    
Mokra   Breast milk – WHO/UNEP
Spolana   Data from journals    
Soil – nature reserves   Cruises
Stratified dust   Europe – air – PUF
APOPSBAL        
Antarctica        
Oman        
Zugspitze        
Banja Luka        

Institutions

Research Centre for Toxic Compounds in the Environment (RECETOX)

http://recetox.muni.cz/

Research Centre for Toxic Compounds in the Environment is an independent department of the Faculty of Science, Masaryk University. The centre is involved in research and educational activities connected with the study of environmental pollutants, their characteristics and associated risks.

MONET-CZ

Passive ambient air and soil samples have been collected since 2003 in the Czech Republic and analyzed for basic POPs (PAHs, PCBs, OCPs).

MONET-CEEC

Passive ambient air and soil samples from Central and Eastern Europe collected between 2006 and 2008 and analyzed for basic POPs (PAHs, PCBs, OCPs).

MONET-EU

Passive ambient air and soil samples have been collected in Europe since 2008 and analyzed for basic POPs (PAHs, PCBs, OCPs).

MONET-Africa

Wide range of compounds (POPs) analyzed in air-passive and soil samples collected since 2008 in 17 countries of Africa.

MONET-Fiji

Air-passive and soil samples collected in 2006 and 2007, analyzed for basic POPs (PAHs, PCBs, OCPs).

Kosetice

Integrated monitoring (ambient air, atmospheric deposition, surface water, sediment, soil, needles, moss) at the Kosetice observatory, which is a unique sampling site with a long-term environmental monitoring. Sampling of a wide range of compounds started in 1988.

Kosetice – one-week active sampling

One-week long sampling in Kosetice started in 2011 has still been underway. Samples are analyzed for basic POPs and also for dioxins, PFCs, PBDEs or CUPs.

Kosetice atmospheric aerosols

Air-active and wet deposition sampling was held at the Kosetice observatory in the course of the whole year 2013. Basic POPs (PAHs, PCBs, OCPs) were analyzed in these samples.

South Moravian region

Air-active samples are analyzed for basic POPs (PAHs, PCBs, OCPs) and heavy metals in South Moravia. Sampling is performed at 20 sites and it has been in operation since 2003.

Central Bohemia region

Basic POPs (PAHs, PCBs, OCPs) analyzed in air samples collected at 26 sampling sites from 2007 to 2008 in Central Bohemia.

Usti nad Labem region

Air-passive sampling in the region started in 2012 and has still been underway. Samples are analyzed for basic POPs and PCDD/Fs.

Zlin region

Air, soil, sediment and water samples collected between 1991 and 2008 analyzed for a wide range of compounds and also physico-chemical properties.

Liberec region

Basic POPs (PAHs, PCBs, OCPs) measured in air, soil and plant samples collected in 2003 and 2006 at 36 sites in the northern part of the Czech Republic.

Beroun

Basic POPs (PAHs, PCBs, OCPs) were analyzed in air samples collected in 2001. Soil, sediment and water were sampled in summer 2001 and 2002. Altogether, there were 44 sites included in this project.

Mokra

Soil samples have been collected since 1998 for the analyses of basis POPs as well as PCDD/Fs, risk elements or physical-chemical properties.

Spolana

Air, soil and water sampled between 2004 and 2006, analyzed for PAHs, PCBs and OCPs.

Soil – nature reserves

Basic POPs (PAHs, PCBs, OCPs) analyzed in soil samples collected in the Czech Republic in 2006 and 2007.

Stratified dust

Basic POPs and risk elements analyzed in air samples measured in 2007 and 2008 in South Moravia. Sampling was performed using cascade impactor that allows separating different size of particles.

APOPSBAL

Active and passive ambient air and soil sampling in Balkan Peninsula was held during years 2003 and 2004. Both matrices were analyzed for basic POPs (PAHs, PCBs, OCPs).

Antarctica

Basic POPs (PAHs, PCBs, OCPs) were analyzed in soils and sediments from the James Ross Island; samples were collected in 2005.

Oman

Active and passive ambient and indoor air, soil and dust samples were taken in 2005 and analyzed for PCBs and OCPs.

Zugspitze

Air-active samples were taken and analyzed in 2007 for basic POPs (PAHs, PCBs, OCPs).

Banja Luka

Basic POPs (PAHs, PCBs, OCPs) were analyzed in samples collected by air-active samplers at 3 sites in summer 2008.

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RECETOX-UBA

http://www.umweltbundesamt.at/en/

The largest Austrian organization of experts on all environmental issues (Environment Agency Austria) cooperated with RECETOX within the frame of the MonAirNet project.

MonAirNet

The main aim of this project was cross-border cooperation between the Czech Republic and Austria on assessment of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) content and transport in ambient air through relevant sub-regions. Air and plant samples were collected in 2011 and 2012 and analyzed for the PAHs, PCBs, OCPs, PBDEs, PCFs and PCDD/Fs content. Sampling sites can be found both in the Czech Republic and in Austria. More info at website: http://www.monairnet.eu/index-en.php.

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RECETOX-IHMB

http://www.vuvb.uniza.sk/

Institute of High Mountain Biology (IHMB) is a scientific body of the University of Žilina (Slovakia) whose principal purpose is to provide research at all levels of biological organization from molecules to alpine ecosystems. It was established in 2000 as a center for the development of alpine biological research in the West Carpathians. Another important purpose of the institute is to promote the understanding and protection of the high mountain ecosystems.

Needle-net

Sampling of pine needles and dwarf shoots (Pinus mugo) was realized in Slovakia in 2014. Samples were analyzed for basic POPs, PBDEs, PFCs and risk elements.

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Environment Canada

http://www.ec.gc.ca/

The main goals of Environment Canada (EC) are to protect the environment, conserve the country's natural heritage, and provide weather and meteorological information.

GAPS

The GAPS (Global Atmospheric Passive Sampling) Network is a key program for producing comparable global-scale data of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). This program was initiated in December 2004. POPs data included in the GENASIS database are based on the samples taken in the period 2004–2006 and in 2009. More info at the project website.

GAPS - GRULAC

Monitoring of PCDD/Fs within the Global Atmospheric Passive Sampling (GAPS) project was performed in the Group of Latin American and Caribbean Countries region (GRULAC) during the years 2011 and 2013.

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FURG

http://furg.br/

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande

LAPAN

The Latin American Atmospheric Passive Sampling Network focuses on PCBs, OCPs, CUPs and PBDEs analyses. Samples from 6 countries in Latin America were taken in the period 2010–2012.

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Central Institute for Supervising and Testing in Agriculture

http://www.ukzuz.cz/

CISTA (Central Institute for Supervising and Testing in Agriculture) is a specialized body of the state administration established by Act No. 147/2002 Coll., an organizational part of the state system, administration authority and administrative agency subordinate to Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic.

POPs monitoring in CZ

Monitoring of basic POPs, PBDEs and PFCs in soils, sediments, sludges and plants has been held since 2006 in the whole Czech Republic. Reports from this project are included in National inventory reports.

Basal soil monitoring in CZ

Agricultural soil samples have been analyzed for a wide range of compounds collected in the whole Czech Republic since 1992.

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UNEP

http://www.unep.org/

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) was founded in 1972. Its main goal is to coordinate activities for environment protection and to provide basis for decision making.

AIR-GEF

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Chemicals Branch, with funding provided by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), has carried out the Global Monitoring Plan (GMP) project, in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the Stockholm Convention. The objective of this project has been the worldwide measurement of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in human milk and air matrices.

Samples were taken by passive samplers during 2010 and 2011 in 31 countries and analyzed for POPs. For more information see the project report.

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WHO-UNEP

http://www.who.int/en/

Since 1976 the World Health Organization through its GEMS/Food Programme has collected and evaluated information on levels of persistent organic pollutants in foods, including human milk.

Breast milk – WHO/UNEP

Breast milk sampling has been performed since 1987. Various POPs (PCPCDD/PCDFs, dl-PCBs, HBCDs and PBBs) were analyzed worldwide during 5 sampling rounds. First to third surveys were coordinated only by WHO, while other surveys were performed in cooperation with UNEP.

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Data from journals

Cruises

Between 2005 and 2011 there were several cruises undertaken with the aim to sample PFCs in seas and oceans:

  • Cruise-Alcor
  • Crusie-Amundsen
  • Cruise-ANT1
  • Cruise-ANT2
  • Cruise-ARK
  • Cruise-Endeavor
  • Cruise-GA442
  • Cruise-GA446
  • Cruise-Malaspina
  • Cruise-Maria S. Merian
  • Cruise-Maria S. Merian-08
  • Cruise-ANTXXV
  • Cruise-Oden-05
  • Cruise-Oden-07
  • Cruise-Polarstern-07
  • Cruise-Polarstern-08
  • Cruise-Snow Dragon

References:

  • Ahrens, L., Barber, J. L., Xie, Z., Ebinghaus, R. (2009). Longitudinal and latitudinal distribution of perfluoroalkyl compounds in the surface water of the Atlantic Ocean. Environmental Science and Technology, 43(9), 3122–7. DOI: 10.1021/es803507p
  • Ahrens, L., Gerwinski, W., Theobald, N., Ebinghaus, R. (2010b). Sources of polyfluoroalkyl compounds in the North Sea, Baltic Sea and Norwegian Sea: Evidence from their spatial distribution in surface water. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 60(2), 255–60. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.09.013
  • Ahrens, L., Xie, Z., Ebinghaus, R. (2010a). Distribution of perfluoroalkyl compounds in seawater from northern Europe, Atlantic Ocean, and Southern Ocean. Chemosphere, 78(8), 1011–6. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.11.038
  • Benskin, J. P., Muir, D. C. G., Scott, B. F., Spencer, C., De Silva, A. O., Kylin, H., et al. (2012). Perfluoroalkyl acids in the Atlantic and Canadian Arctic Oceans. Environmental Science and Technology, 46(11), 5815–23. DOI: 10.1021/es300578x
  • Cai, M., Zhao, Z., Yin, Z., Ahrens, L., Huang, P., Cai, M., et al. (2012). Occurrence of perfluoroalkyl compounds in surface waters from the North Pacific to the Arctic Ocean. Environmental Science and Technology, 46(2), 661–8. DOI: 10.1021/es2026278
  • González-Gaya, B., Dachs, J., Roscales, J. L., Caballero, G., Begona, J. (2014). Perfluoroalkylated Substances in the Global Tropical and Subtropical Surface Oceans. Environmental Science and Technology, 48(22), 13076–84. DOI: 10.1021/es503490z
  • Kirchgeorg, T., Weinberg, I., Dreyer, A., Ebinghaus, R. (2010). Perfluorinated compounds in marine surface waters: data from the Baltic Sea and methodological challenges for future studies. Environmental Chemistry, 7(5), 429–34. DOI: 10.1071/EN10039
  • Theobald, N., Caliebe, C., Gerwinski, W., Hühnerfuss, H., Lepom, P. (2011). Occurrence of perfluorinated organic acids in the North and Baltic seas. Part 1: distribution in sea water. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 18(7), 1057–69. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-011-0451-2
  • Zhao, Z., Xie, Z., Möller, A., Sturm, R., Tang, J., Zhang, G., Ebinghaus, R. (2012). Distribution and long-range transport of polyfluoroalkyl substances in the Arctic, Atlantic Ocean and Antarctic coast. Environmental Pollution, 170, 71–7. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2012.06.004

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Europe – air – PUF

Within this project passive sampling of ambient air at European background sites was performed in 2006. Basic POPs (PAHs, PCBs, OCPs) were analyzed in these samples. Some of sites included in this study (station Košetice and Svratouch) are part of the MONET-CZ project as well.

Reference:

  • Halse, A. K., Schlabach, M., Eckhardt, S., Sweetman, A., Jones, K. C., & Breivik, K. (2011). Spatial variability of POPs in European background air. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(4), 1549–1564. DOI: 10.5194/acp-11-1549-2011